This institute conducts the following activities to contribute to the fishery industry in the Seto Inland Sea: (1) Evaluation and conservation of ecosystem functions of coastal seaweed beds and mudflats, forecasting the production of marine life in various regions, and studying the reasons behind changes in fishery resources; (2) research and development related to inland farming technologies and the advancement of resource creating technologies through the seed release of useful biological resources. Regarding national activities, (3) research to better understand and prevent the appearance of red tide and other harmful plankton, as well as harmful chemicals; and (4) research and development towards more efficient fish farming technologies for a stable production of high quality seeds, and to increase, sustain, and restore useful invertebrate resources such as clams.